Implementation Tools for Complete Streets

Complete Streets Process

The Lancaster County Planning Commission has created a guidebook to help municipalities implement Complete Streets at the local level.

The guidebook explains:

• What we mean by Complete Streets;
• How Complete Streets implements existing policy goals; and
• How to develop a Complete Streets policy at the local level.

It also outlines a 3-step process to help municipalities identify the right “Complete Streets” approach for different streets in their community. The steps are:

1. Define the context of the street;
2. Inventory conditions and set goals; and
3. Decide how the street should be designed, and what features it should have.

In defining the context of a street, the first consideration is the place where the street is located – and a tool called a “transect” is useful in assessing the qualities of that place. A transect categorizes the different kinds of places found in a particular community, and explains what pattern and character of development is appropriate for each of them. The Lancaster County Planning Commission has developed a transect tailored to Lancaster County. It identifies seven types of places – called transect zones or “T zones” – that vary in intensity of development, from natural areas to high-density urban areas.

To determine which of the Lancaster County transect zones (or “T zones”) most closely represents the pattern and character of development along a particular street, please visit this page of the Lancaster County Planning Commission website:

Policy Statements and Resolutions

County Level
To promote the Complete Streets concept throughout Lancaster County, and encourage municipalities to adopt a Complete Streets policy and program, the Lancaster County Planning Commission (LCPC) and the Lancaster County Transportation Coordinating Committee (LCTCC) adopted policy statements supporting implementation of a Complete Streets program in Lancaster County. These two entities, in partnership with municipalities, has also developed a work program to implement Complete Streets across Lancaster County.

Municipal Level
To facilitate implementation of Complete Streets at the local level, the Lancaster County Planning Commission developed a model municipal Complete Streets resolution and policy. A few resolutions adopted by municipalities are included here as examples.

Funding Opportunities

In April 2015, a forum was held to discuss ongoing efforts in Lancaster County to promote healthy communities, active transportation, and Complete Streets. In addition, Lancaster County Planning Commission staff outlined funding available through the Smart Growth Transportation (SGT) program and the Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP). The presentation from that forum is available here:

Best Practices

 The American Planning Association (APA), the U.S. Department of Transportation (U.S. DOT) and the National Complete Streets Coalition (NCSC) provide guidance about how to develop a strong Complete Streets policy.